‘If they had hope, they would speak’

The ongoing use of state sponsored sexual violence in Burma’s ethnic communities

cover_website(Yangon, November 24, 2014) – Burma Army soldiers continue to engage in acts of sexual violence on a widespread scale, and women and human rights defenders in ethnic communities face harassment and persecution, the Women’s League of Burma (WLB) said in a new report published today to coincide with International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women. To achieve sustainable peace and help safeguard  the rights of ethnic women, the government of Burma must immediately stop its military offensives in the ethnic areas, pull back its troops and begin political dialogue with the ethnic armed groups towards genuine federalism.

Statement in English | ျမန္မာဘာသာ PDF1
Full Report in English | ျမန္မာဘာသာ အစီအရင္ခံစာဖတ္ရန္ PDF1

The WLB’s new report, ‘If they had hope, they would speak’: The ongoing use of state-sponsored sexual violence in Burma’s ethnic communities’, highlights 118 incidences of gang-rape, rape, and attempted sexual assault that have been documented in Burma since 2010, in both ceasefire and

non-ceasefire areas. This number is believed to be a fraction of the actual number of cases that have taken place. These abuses—which are widespread and systematic—must be investigated, and may constitute war crimes and crimes against humanity under international criminal law.

‘The government of Burma has worked hard to show its reformist credentials to the world, but for women in Burma’s ethnic communities,

human rights abuses and sexual violence at the hands of the Burma Army remain a constant threat’, said Tin Tin Nyo, General Secretary of the Women’s League of Burma. ‘Any positive changes coming out of Naypyidaw have not improved the lived experience of women in Burma.’

The cases highlighted in the WLB’s report demonstrate the ongoing de facto impunity for human rights abuses enjoyed by Burma military personnel. Interviews conducted with survivors and human rights defenders highlight the intimidation and harrassment faced by women who demand accountability for the perpetrators of sexual violence. The involvement of both the military and police – either through the act of the crime, or the complicity in covering it up – is clear evidence of how little Burma’s reform process is helping safeguard the human rights of women across the country.

The impact of large-scale development projects in many

ethnic communities has resulted in increased militarization, poverty and sexual violence. Across Burma, the military has been violating the terms of ceasefire agreements signed with Ethnic Armed Organisations, and directing harassment and persecution against ethnic communities and human rights defenders.

‘The military is sending a clear message that it is willing to use violence and coercion against those brave enough to speak out about human rights abuses’, said Tin Tin Nyo.

The absence of women’s voices in Burma’s political and public life further contributes to the marginalisation of issues effecting women. The dearth of women in formal decision making positions, and the persecution of  civil society organisations – in which women play a more active role – further undermines women’s ability to address the challenges and abuses they face.

Despite the Burma government’s public commitment to advance the status of women – including by developing the National Strategic Plan for the Advancement of Women (NSPAW) and issuing the Declaration of Commitment to End Sexual Violence in Conflict – few steps have been taken to improve the lives of women in ethnic communities. The absence of concrete and time-bound plans of action has meant that amidst Burma’s ‘transition’, the country’s women continue to be denied their basic human rights.

‘The Burma Army must be brought under civilian control, and there must be a negotiated settlement to the civil war that will grant ethnic peoples equality under a genuine federal system of government  , said Tin Tin Nyo. ‘If these actions are not taken, state-sponsored sexual violence against women of ethnic commun

ities will not stop.’

For press inquiries,
Thailand Side
Tin Tin Nyo      + 66 (0)81 032 2882
Moon Nay Li   + 66 (0)85 523 3791

Myanmar Side
Ying Harn Fah +95 (0)9 251 159 833
Wah Khu Shee    +95 (0)9 255 821094 (English Language)
Julia Marip       +95(0)9 4500 29082

Original link: http://womenofburma.org/if-they-had-hope-they-would-speak/

Published by Karen Women Organisation

The Karen Women Organisation was formed in 1949 and has a membership of over 64,100 women. KWO is a community-based organisation of Karen women working in development and relief in the refugee camps on the Thai border and with IDPs (Internally Displaced Persons) and women inside Burma. Since our formation in 1949 we have expanded our focus from one of purely social welfare to try to encourage an awareness of Women's Rights and to promote women’s participation in the community decision making and political processes. The objectives of the KWO  To assist women in the endeavour to be free from all forms of oppression.  To promote and empower women in all spheres of life, including education and general living standards.  To encourage women to participate in the struggle for freedom, democracy and equality.  To develop women's knowledge, ability and skills, including political and organizational skills.  To achieve the rights of women and equal status with men.  To promote and maintain Karen culture and traditions.  To improve the well-being of women and children and to increase their access to adequate health, education and welfare services. KWO aims to empower women through offering various capacity building trainings to teach skills, build confidence and create new opportunities so that women will be better able to solve problems. We are working hard to educate ourselves and our communities so that we can work more effectively and advocate for our struggle on the international stage. We believe that women’s contribution is an essential factor in the peace-building and national reconciliation processes of Burma.

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